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E.g., 27-09-2020
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    Turning Cautious On Land Reform

    The Chinese leadership’s recent enthusiasm for “modern agriculture” featuring large, mechanized farms has waned in recent months, as abuses mount and efficiency gains fail to appear. The evolution of land reform policy is thus an excellent lesson in how reformist ambitions do not always survive an encounter with China’s messy reality.

    0
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    Property Responds To Treatment

    Although China’s economic data for April were generally mediocre, property was a bright spot. National property sales rebounded to a 7% YoY gain, after 1% decline in March, marking the first positive growth in 15 months. The latest interest rate cut is likely to further fuel the recovery, and indeed preliminary data point to continued sales gains in May. Broad-based monetary easing has proved a more effective remedy for weak housing demand than...

    0
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    Property Is Still Too Big To Let Go

    While the share of China’s economy driven directly and indirectly by real estate and construction has declined over the past three years, it is still substantial at roughly one-third. This means that the government cannot afford to be relaxed about the housing market as fundamental demand starts a long-term decline.

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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    Developers Fatten Up For The Long Winter

    China’s beleaguered property developers are finding their way to a new strategy. While the real-estate boom of the past decade rewarded those who could build the most the fastest, the structural slowdown in housing demand that is now underway (see Housing’s Next Decade) calls for a different approach. Consolidation not expansion is the order of the day: in 2014, developers sharply increased their spending on mergers and acquisitions, even as...

    0
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    Managing The Disappointment In Housing

    China’s housing market has gotten off to a very bad start for the year, with housing sales falling 18% YoY in January and February, the worst decline since 2009. The terrible data are another reminder that we have entered a structural downward trend in housing demand, which means that sales are more likely to undershoot than to overshoot. But the negative trend also means that previous government concerns about overheating housing prices and...

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Five Corners (25 February): Global Property Wrap

    Overview: Property gets a bad rap from macro-economists as an “unproductive” asset. This mistakes its true value in modern economies, argues Anatole Kaletsky. United States: Despite recent soft housing data, the US housing market is ready to rip, say Will Denyer and Tan Kai Xian. Europe: Francois Chauchat argues that Europe’s housing market may have entered a gently rising cycle for the first time since 2007. China: Property sales have picked...

    1
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    Gavekal Research

    5C Overview: The Importance Of Property

    Property, both residential and commercial, is the world’s oldest investment and, in the long run, the most reliable and profitable store of economic value. Like the world’s oldest profession, however, it operates in the financial shadows. Property lacks the transparency of mainstream asset classes such as equities, bonds and currencies, with no completely objective price benchmarks to measure returns reliably even in sophisticated markets such...

    3
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    Gavekal Research

    5C China: Property's Supply-Side Correction Continues

    Over the past few months, the long-running decline in China’s housing sales has clearly bottomed and started to improve. December’s sales decline was just 4% YoY, compared to the 16% drop in July. But while this kind of improvement in previous cycles would have translated into a similar turnaround in construction activity, that has not been forthcoming this time.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    5C Asia: Hong Kong's Pro-Cyclical Property Roller Coaster

    Nowhere is the US Federal Reserve’s eventual decision to raise interest rates awaited with greater trepidation than in Hong Kong’s property market. The territory’s currency board link to the US dollar means that Hong Kong had no choice but to import US interest rates when the Fed cut its own benchmark short term rate to zero at the end of 2008. With safe haven funds flooding into the city’s financial system, Hong Kong banks cut their residential...

    0
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    China: More Pain Than Gain

    China is in for a rough year. The economy is in its most fragile state since 1998, at the nadir of the Asian financial crisis. Gross domestic product grew at an annualized rate of just 6.1% in the last quarter of 2014, and most key indicators suggest that the first half of 2015 is unlikely to be much better. Industrial profits are weakening sharply, which is likely to dampen wage growth and consumption—the two bright spots over the last couple...

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    More Pain Than Gain

    China is in for a rough year. The economy is in its most fragile state since 1998, at the nadir of the Asian financial crisis. Gross domestic product grew at an annualized rate of just 6.1% in the last quarter of 2014, and most key indicators suggest that the first half of 2015 is unlikely to be much better. Industrial profits are weakening sharply, which is likely to dampen wage growth and consumption—the two bright spots over the last couple...

    0
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    CEQ: The Xi Jinping Scorecard

    How is Xi Jinping doing? A year after the landmark Third Plenum at which China's leader laid out his vision for reforming China, this issue of the CEQ takes a close look at the progress of the reform program. Our expert contributors assess the achievements and the shortfalls, the winners and the losers.

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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    Housing & Construction Review

    Is the latest downturn in China’s housing market just another cyclical correction, or the bursting of an unsustainable bubble? To cut through the confusion surrounding this key part of the economy, it is crucial to understand the fundamentals. In this chartbook, our annual review of the housing and construction market, Rosealea explains our outlook for the long-term prospects for housing demand in China; explores the implication of changing...

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    China's Rate Cut: Diminished Returns

    First the Bank of Japan, then the European Central Bank, now comes the People’s Bank of China. On Friday evening the PBOC cut its benchmark interest rates for the first time since July 2012. The direction of the move had long been foreseen, but the timing of the announcement came as a surprise. We had expected concerns over China’s high levels of domestic debt would enable the central bank to resist pressure to cut rates until the first quarter...

    0
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    A Creditless Recovery For Housing?

    The extended decline in China’s housing sales is finally showing clear signs of reaching a bottom. The latest data show the decline in national property sales narrowed sharply in October, with volumes dropping just 1.6% after a 10.3% fall in September. And the daily transaction figures reported by a number of major cities suggest market activity continued strengthening in November. This improvement is primarily a response to the favorable...

    10
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    Housing’s Next Decade

    China’s housing market is not collapsing, but it is maturing and will decline. Our model shows that China’s housing demand is past its high-growth phase, and has been bouncing around its peak level since 2011. We project construction volume will decline 15-20% from current levels by 2025, hurting demand for steel and other construction materials.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    The Inexorable Decline Of China's Housing Market

    Since the turn of the century, China’s booming housing market has been one of the most important drivers of the global economy. Between 2000 and 2013, annual housing completions tripled. Largely because of the demand from housing and related infrastructure, Chinese steel use quadrupled. Prices of iron ore and many other commodities soared.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Hong Kong's Democracy Protests

    The inhabitants of Hong Kong were treated over the weekend to the unusual spectacle of police battling political protesters in the city’s streets. Baton charges and volleys of tear gas might be common enough tactics in New York or London, but not in Asia’s leading international financial center. The rapid escalation of the protests over the weekend and the police’s strong-arm response shocked locals, and triggered a -2% fall in the city’s...

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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    Property Digs A Deeper Hole

    China’s local governments held a party for the housing market, but no one came. Most major cities (with some exceptions including Beijing and Shanghai) have rolled back measures restricting housing purchases since June, but housing sales are still weak. Previously, we had argued that the combination of a pickup in credit growth and the relaxation of purchase restrictions would help the downturn in property sales find a bottom relatively soon (...

    4
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    The Slums Are Still With Us

    One of the paradoxes of China’s housing market is that excess supply in many areas coexists with a shortage of housing for the worst-off. We have long argued that a significant portion of the Chinese urban population is under-housed, lacking access to modern living arrangements. Given continued worries over excess housing supply in China, we recently decided to test this analysis by re-estimating the housing stock from different data sources....

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