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E.g., 17-10-2019
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    Gavekal Research

    Putting The Boot Into Italy

    Matteo Renzi has joined a long line of Italian prime ministers who failed to “reform” their country. This is another way of saying that he could not wave a magic wand and make Italy competitive with Germany. The grim reality is that no Italian leader stood a chance of changing their country once the fateful decision was made to peg its currency to Germany’s. At the time of the euro’s launch in 1999, I argued that the risk profile of Italy would...

    5
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    Gavekal Research

    The Italian Domino Teeters

    My thesis has for a while been that we are living in an era characterized by the “little man” revolting against the global elite. I explained this idea in May using the perhaps apocryphal tale of a South Pacific island made up of home-loving tree dwellers and more adventurous boat travellers (see Trump And The Tree People). The point was that the normally laid back people of the trees were stirring from their torpor as shown by the Brexit vote...

    8
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    Gavekal Research

    Video: European Political Dominos

    In the aftermath of the Brexit vote and Donald Trump’s win in the US presidential election, attention has shifted to the eurozone with the assumption that more dominos must topple under the gathering populist political wave. In this video interview Nick considers the good, the bad and the ugly of the European political scene and offers pointers for navigating these risks.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Investing By The (Wicksellian) Book

    As regular readers will know, I have spent much of the last 10 years studying, and attempting to enlarge upon, the work of the great 19th century Swedish economist Knut Wicksell. My mission has been two-fold: firstly to understand how Wicksell’s writings explain what we see happening in the global economy today, and secondly to translate his theories into practical tools to help investors make asset allocation decisions in the real world.

    3
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    Gavekal Research

    Stagnation or Bust? A Wicksellian Chart Dashboard

    For users’ convenience, we provide below the complete set of charts published in Charles Gave’s November 2016 book Stagnation or Bust? A Wicksellian View of the Natural Interest Rate, the Market Rate and Asset Allocation, with interactive graphics available for Macrobond subscribers.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Trouble With Monopsonies

    What happens when a company is so successful that it becomes the dominant buyer of labor in its market? It then has an incentive to hold down workers’ incomes, even at the expense of reduced output. As Charles argues, such “monopsonies” are increasingly acting as a drag on economic growth. Yet in an environment of free trade, there is little national governments can do.

    15
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    Gavekal Research

    When You Sleep With An Elephant

    It is always comforting to be back in familiar territory. In a long career in investment—45 years and counting—I have seen a few Mexican crises. All these years on, I have fond memories of the 1976 peso devaluation, and of the subsequent 1980 devaluation. I remember the 1982 debt crisis well, and the “década perdida”—the lost decade—which followed. Then came the hyperinflation of the early 1990s which led to the introduction in 1993 of the new...

    2
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    Gavekal Research

    Prospects For The US Bond Market

    Back in July, I wrote a paper on the US bond market which came to the conclusion that things were getting complicated. My thesis at the time was that there was no value left in the US long bond—the 30-year treasury—and that it could no longer be used as a hedge against a potential deflationary bust. At the time the long bond yield was around 2.3%. Since then the election of Donald Trump as president of the US has had a severe impact on bond...

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    President Trump And The Fall Of Davos Man

    For decades, all around the world but especially in Europe, the notion of the sovereign nation has been under fierce attack. Leading the assault have been the international bureaucrats and a clique of economists in league with those I have dubbed the men of Davos, all of them resolute proponents of crony capitalism (see Dissolving The People).

    8
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    Gavekal Research

    Sterling Sellers Look Flushed Out

    Here is a simple question: “Why has the pound fallen so far, so fast?”. My simple answer is that the City of London is the world’s dominant financial center, and so pretty much anyone who deals in global markets has a significant exposure to sterling. As a result, the near term movements of sterling are being dictated less by every twist and turn of the Brexit process, but rather by more prosaic financial transactions.

    9
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    Gavekal Research

    When The Keynesian Multiplier Goes Negative

    Last week I published a paper whose main point was that Keynesian policies lead to an inevitable decline in an economy’s structural growth rate (see Is The Second Shoe About To Drop?). My immediate concern is that developed economies seem set to head off on another public spending binge as they try to slay “secular stagnation”. That piece stirred a number of questions from readers, so I am following up with an addendum that extends the argument...

    6
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    Gavekal Research

    The Milton Friedman I Knew

    In the late 1970s, when beavering away at my own little research firm, I received a letter from a “senior research analyst” at the Hoover Institution, named Milton Friedman. In the letter Friedman wrote that he agreed with some of what I had written in a recent report, but other sections had problems. He had gotten the paper from one of my clients, and I’ll admit it sent me just a bit over the moon.

    1
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    Gavekal Research

    Is The Second Shoe About To Drop?

    Keynesian beliefs are based on two key ideas. Firstly, recessions are caused by an excess of savings among nasty types known as rentiers. Secondly, if there is a shortage of demand, the government should conjure it up out of thin air by borrowing money to spend as needed. In the last few years we’ve seen what happens when the first of these two ideas is put into practice. Policymakers around the world have attempted to euthanize the rentier, and...

    14
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    Gavekal Research

    The British Pound: A Two Year View

    The British pound has been on a roller coaster ride to the point that on a purchasing power parity basis it is undervalued by about 10% against the euro and 17.5% versus the US dollar. As a result, sterling has been left 2% below its lower bound against the euro (in average standard deviation terms) and 9% versus the dollar on the same measure. Put another way, the pound is undervalued by more than one standard deviation against the euro and by...

    13
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    Gavekal Research

    Debate: A Trump Win And The Dollar

    As the world seriously tunes into the US presidential election, four Gavekal partners debate the outlook for the US dollar should Donald Trump emerge victorious and set about his promised remaking of the international security order and global trading system.

    25
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    Gavekal Research

    The Collapse Of The Left

    Since the onset of the first industrial revolution, human institutions have typically had a lifespan of around 70 years. In the first generation, the elite build the institutional structures needed to meet the economic challenges of their time. The second generation maintain them as best as they can. And the third generation of the elite, which more often than not is corrupt to the bone, merely aims to live as well as it can off the existing...

    11
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    Gavekal Research

    Watch Real Yields On Corporates

    There are increases in real rates, and there are increases in real rates. And by no means are they all equal in impact. In Tuesday’s Daily, Joyce and KX noted that global equity markets have been supported this year primarily by the world-wide decline in real bond yields. After bond markets approached over-bought territory over the summer, the sharp increase in real yields we have seen over the last couple of weeks naturally hit stock prices. If...

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    The New Ineptocracy

    In times past, capitalist systems were organized on a simple premise. At the centre sat “money” as the medium to express all values. The primary operating dynamic of this system was that surplus money (savings) got channelled into economic activity, with a secondary effect that “unused”, or “left over”, money ended up in financial assets, usually equities, such that at times of great optimism a bull market resulted. After running for a year or...

    7
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    Gavekal Research

    I Must Admit That I’m Confused

    Friday saw the release of US jobs market data for August which had investors convinced of a continued “not too hot, not too cold” outlook for the world’s largest economy. This is at odds with the view that I have held for a while; namely, that the US has been on the brink of recession or may have even entered one. This prognosis was based on a hopefully not insubstantial analytical foundation, which may be worth reviewing.

    3
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    Gavekal Research

    The Falling Natural Rate Is No Mystery

    As the high priests of global central banking congregate in Jackson Hole, much of the chatter ahead of the meeting has concentrated on the “mystifying” fall over recent years in the natural rate of interest, and possible reasons why it should have declined to such an extent. Having spent the last ten years attempting to apply the economic theories of the great 19th century Swedish economist Knut Wicksell, I have to say I am delighted with the...

    6
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