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E.g., 28-10-2021
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    Gavekal Research

    The EU’s Ambitious Roadmap To Net Zero

    Europe has by far the most ambitious decarbonization program among major regions, targeting net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 and a -55% reduction from the 1990 level by the end of this decade. Cedric has examined the European Union's plans for achieving this goal, and in this article outlines the likely impact on key sectors of the economy.

    2
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    Gavekal Research

    This Time Really Is Different

    Let’s go back to a time before 2015. Imagine a country running a big trade surplus with the US. Typically, the exporters who create this surplus bear domestic costs and so need to change their US dollar revenues into the local currency. From here, one of two things can happen:

    5
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    Gavekal Research

    Back On The Road Again

    In the last couple of weeks Louis has been on the road, meeting clients face-to-face for the first time in 18 months. In this report, he distills some of the spirit of those conversations, addressing hot button topics from the sharp run-up in energy and commodity prices, through China’s economic slowdown, to the increase in tensions across the Taiwan Strait.

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    Gavekal Research

    Europe’s Wage-Price Nexus

    Data released on Wednesday showed that Germany’s producer price inflation accelerated to 14.2% year-on-year in September. That’s not only faster than consensus expectations of 12.8%, it’s the fastest since November 1974 in the immediate aftermath of the oil price shock.

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    Gavekal Research

    Video: Typhoon Season For Hong Kong

    Hong Kong is sticking to its zero-Covid policies, complete with a travel ban on outsiders and Draconian quarantine rules for returning residents, even as Singapore tentatively reopens to international arrivals. In this video interview, Vincent explains what is driving Hong Kong’s uncompromising stance on Covid. He assesses whether it will damage the city’s standing as a regional financial center, and whether doubts over the status of China...

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    Gavekal Research

    Energy And The Euro’s Exchange Rate

    It will come as news to no one that energy prices and exchange rates are intimately connected. Historically, over the last 20 years, the euro has tended to be positively correlated with the price of oil, while the broad US dollar exchange rate has tended to be inversely correlated. So, over the first half of 2008 as the price of oil surged to a record high, the euro hit its all-time high against the US dollar. And in 2014 as the oil price...

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    Gavekal Research

    London Seminar — September 2021

    In our recent London seminar, Thomas Gatley addressed China's changed business environment and Tom Miller unpicked US-China geopolitical tensions. Charles Gave and Anatole resumed their dialogue about the future of the world economy in their first in-person sparring session since the pandemic started.

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    Gavekal Research

    Video: Entente Discordiale

    As if a tight labor market, rising inflation and widespread fuel shortages weren’t enough to contend with, the United Kingdom is also seeing a sharp deterioration in its relations with the European Union, and France especially. Nick examines what worsening cross-Channel relations could mean for the economies of the UK and EU.

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    Gavekal Research

    What, Me Worry?

    There is a growing drumbeat of commentary arguing that today’s shortages of everything from microchips to natural gas must end in an inflationary blowout and a return to the lascivious 1970s. Anatole thinks that today’s shortages are likely to correct relatively quickly, and for investors the coming period is more likely to resemble the 1950s.

    2
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    Gavekal Research

    The Price Of Policy

    Wherever you look, energy prices are shooting up, and shortages abound. The global economy, it seems, is in the grip of a full-blown energy crisis. Drill down, and it appears this is not one crisis, but many. The effects—worsening shortages and surging prices—are much the same in differentregions. But the immediate causes of the crunch seem to differ widely.

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    Gavekal Research

    Fixing Italy

    The results of this weekend's municipal elections in Italy look to have buttressed Mario Draghi’s national unity government, which is half way through an ambitious overhaul of core institutions that have failed the country for decades. With 70% of Italians favoring Draghi’s initiative, and no general election due until mid-2023, the betting is that he gets to finish the job.

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    Gavekal Research

    The Coming UK Recession

    Thursday saw UK GDP growth for 2Q21 revised up to a perky 5.5% from a previous 4.8%. Yet all is not well in shortage-plagued Britain. While other economies facesupply chain disruption and energy shortages, the “just in time” UK economy looks to be facing a perfect inflationary storm that could deliver a recession in 2022.

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    Gavekal Research

    Avoiding Sequels

    Like many other parents, Louis has seen his share of kids' movie sequels, which unfortunately fall much too short of the of the first installment. This reminds him of two “curve-balls” that investors are now having to digest. The first is the China Evergrande debt debacle. The second is the looming shortage of energy across most of the industrialized world.

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    Gavekal Research

    After The German Election

    The results of this Sunday’s German federal election are unlikely to generate any shocks when markets reopen on Monday. Nonetheless, the precise colors of the coalition that eventually emerges will matter a great deal to investors. Cedric reviews the possible coalition compositions and outlines what they will mean for fiscal policy, European integration and China.

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    Gavekal Research

    Webinar: European Course Correction, Or Steady On Ahead?

    Germans will soon go to the polls, while the European Central Bank has denied media reports that it is considering raising interest rates early. In other words, there is no shortage of news and events that may make markets jittery. In this webinar our Europe team attempt to make sense of it all and plot Europe’s likely fiscal and monetary course.

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    Gavekal Research

    The Anglosphere Doubles Down

    The “Aukus” security partnership sparked a diplomatic explosion when it was unveiled by Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States last week. As the smoke clears, America’s strategy to counter China is becoming clear. But the diplomatic fallout from Aukus also reflects a new reality. How does Europe fit into this brave new world, and how will China respond?

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    Gavekal Research

    Investing In Today’s Inflationary Environment

    Investing in a topsy-turvy macro environment can feel like a crapshoot. One way to seek order among chaos is to draw lessons from economic history. Louis examines the underlying causes of financial crises since the late 1990s and applies the lessons to consider the way in which the global economy and markets emerge from the pandemic.

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    Gavekal Research

    Europe’s Energy Headwinds

    The United Kingdom got a sharp lesson in the perils of energy dependence on Wednesday. A fire shut down its imports of electricity—mostly nuclear-generated—from France, pushing domestic natural gas prices up by as much as 20% in intraday trading. The fire may keep as much as a third of the UK’s capacity to import power from France closed through the winter months. Given that the UK has the capacity to import 3MW from France and on average...

    2
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    Gavekal Research

    The High Cost Of Free Money, Revisited

    It’s now more than 10 years since Charles published a seminal paper titled The High Cost Of Free Money, in which he argued that free-market capitalism could not function properly without a free-market-determined cost of capital. Today it’s clear that capital markets, at least, can continue to operate, but Charles argues this has created very little new wealth.

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    Gavekal Research

    Video: The Economics Of Germany's Election

    Ahead of Germany’s election in a couple of weeks, the center-left Social Democratic Party has recently climbed up the polls to eclipse the previously dominant Christian Democratic Union. If the polling is right, the SPD is likely to form a coalition government with Germany’s smaller parties. Nick breaks out the tea leaves to see what a political shift is likely to mean.

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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    Webinar: Understanding China's Regulatory Crackdown

    Even by China’s high standards, 2021 has seen an extraordinary amount of government intervention in the economy, as top leader Xi Jinping moves aggressively to implement his vision of national greatness. In this webinar our China team assess the impact on the economy and markets, and discuss what could cause this crackdown to pause or reverse.

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    Gavekal Research

    A British Fix To Housing

    For decades, urban England has had an under-supplied and over-bought housing market. UK governments of all political stripes have tried and failed to unblock building pipelines. Britain is hardly alone in having seen home prices rocket due to pandemic effects, but there was a grim inevitability to UK home prices rising 13% in the last year. Yet, at the same juncture, there is evidence that a mixture of decent policymaking and smart market...

    2
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    Gavekal Research

    Covid, Markets And What Happens Next

    Over the last 18 months, Covid developments have been a key driver of financial market performance. Louis contends that this period can be split into four distinct phases. In this piece, he asks whether we are now entering a fifth phase. To do this he weighs up both encouraging and concerning developments within the pandemic and economic policy choices that flow from them.

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    Gavekal Research

    Europe’s Taper Decision

    To taper, or not to taper is the question for the European Central Bank at Thursday’s policymaking meeting. The market seems to think that monthly bond purchases will soon be lowered by about €20bn to €80bn, as shown by 10-year German bund yields rising 14bp in the last two weeks. Economic output in the eurozone is back near pre-pandemic levels and consumer price inflation in August spiked to 3%. There have even been putative sightings of the...

    2
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    Gavekal Research

    The Most Worrying Shortage

    The world’s most traded commodity, semiconductors, is running scarce, the price of the second-most important commodity, oil, is grinding higher, and the cost of moving things around the world is soaring. All this would be worrying enough, but ask any businessperson in North America or Europe about their biggest constraint, and the answer is likely to be staffing.

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    Gavekal Research

    The Coming Slowdown In Europe’s New Orders

    European equities have had a stunning 10 months, returning 46% since the beginning of November 2020 and outperforming even the MSCI US. This performance has been driven by expectations of strong earnings growth— supported by buoyant demand and full order books. Peering ahead, however, there are good reasons to look for the pace of new orders to slow.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Strategy Monthly: How To Hedge Tighter Liquidity

    So far, markets have not panicked over the prospect of the Federal Reserve tapering its asset purchases. But when it comes, the taper will materially tighten global liquidity conditions. In this calm before the storm, investors running global portfolios should focus on their hedges.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Germany’s Changing Political Colors

    Questioned by opinion pollsters, most Germans say the campaign ahead of the country’s September 26 federal election is dull. Yet those same opinion polls now point to the most wide-open election race in recent history. In the last few weeks, support for the center-left social democratic SPD has surged, even as the popularity of the center-right conservative CDU/CSU has slumped and the Greens have stalled.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Where There Is A Risk Of A Wage-Price Spiral

    After the United Kingdom released data on Thursday showing GDP grew 4.8% quarter-on-quarter in the second quarter, markets are now pricing in a near-100% chance of a rate hike by mid-June next year. In the event, 2Q21 GDP growth was a shade below the Bank of England’s forecasts. And unlike the US, the UK’s output remains below its prepandemic baseline—by 4.4%. Nevertheless, because of a contraction in the UK’s pool of potential labor following...

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Understanding Asia’s New Monetary Order (Part II)

    Last month, Charles reviewed the efforts China has made to build an alternative to Asia’s US-dollar-based trading system. Today, he peers into the future, and looks at what China is doing, not just to offer an alternative to the US dollar or euro, but to build a new monetary order for Asia.

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    Gavekal Research

    The Consequence Of The IPCC Report

    The quote I over-use most is probably Charlie Munger’s “show me the incentives and I will tell you the outcome.” With this in mind, it is no surprise that the IPCC report makes for a harrowing read. Whether you agree with its conclusions is neither here nor there. The key question is this: what will policymakers do, or want to be seen to do, in response?

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    Gavekal Research

    Webinar: Global Investment Roundtable, August 2021

    The US growth outlook may be softening as the reopening boom weakens but equity markets seem relaxed as this outcome could delay the day when monetary stimulus is withdrawn. In our sign-off webinar for August, Gavekal partners asked if markets are right in their benign assessment, or whether a nasty surprise could emerge over the usually quiet summer months.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    The European Rotation

    As Europe returns towards something approaching normality, the eurozone is undergoing a rotation in economic leadership from goods to services. This rotation will go on through the second half of 2020.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Is The Reflationary Trade Back On?

    Forget the recent easing signals sent by the Chinese Politburo (and consequent drop in Chinese bond yields). Forget fears about the “Delta variant” giving Western central banks cover to keep extremely loose monetary policies even as inflation rises. Forget also the upcoming US stimulus bill, or the unleashing of European fiscal expansion. A positive signal that no one is yet talking about is the deflationary signal that could have materialized,...

    1
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    Gavekal Research

    Strategy Monthly: The Global Monetary Divergence

    As the world’s three big economies—the US, the eurozone and China—recover at different speeds from the shock of Covid, their monetary policy paths are diverging. This divergence will have major implications for bond investors and foreign exchange markets.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Breaking Down European Inflation

    Two weeks ago, after US consumer price data for June showed inflation had climbed to a 13-year high of 5.4%, my colleague Tan Kai Xian examined the three main drivers of this year’s rise in US inflation: base effects, supply-side constraints and demand-pull factors. He concluded that base effects have started to wear off and supply-side constraints will soon begin to ease. However, demand-pull factors are set to strengthen over the coming...

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Webinar: Europe Caught Between Stools

    The US has taken an approach to the pandemic that involves reopening and “living with Covid”, whereas most East Asian economies are heading down the "zero-Covid" path. Europe seems to be caught between these two stools. Which way Europe turns could have a big impact on global growth, the value of the euro and key asset values.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    A Glass Less Full

    The eurozone’s economy has continued to pick up in July, with the flash composite PMI released on Friday beating expectations to hit a 21-year high. The manufacturing component continued to fire strongly, and notably the services index topped 60 for the first time since May 2006 as governments relaxed Covid restrictions and the summer tourist season got under way. However, after nine months in which eurozone data has consistently come in ahead...

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Low For Even Longer

    On Thursday, the European Central Bank’s decisionmakers sat down for their first monetary policy meeting since they ditched their longstanding inflation target of “below, but close to 2%” in favor of a new symmetrical target centered on 2%. That decision formalized the ECB’s shift away from its Bundesbank-style focus on price stability and enshrined its role as the guardian of eurozone financial stability.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Webinar: The State Of Global Growth

    The reflation trade has ebbed in recent weeks as investors have gotten more comfortable with the trajectory of US monetary policy and concerns have risen over the Delta variant of Covid disrupting economic opening. At the same time, China continues to crack down on its high-growth internet sector. Our team assessed the market implications of these trends.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Webinar: What's Behind China's Internet Crackdown?

    China's authorities have aggressively tightened regulation of the formerly free-wheeling internet sector. In this webinar, Gavekal RedTech principal Michael Clendenin joined Gavekal Dragonomics's Ernan Cui and Thomas Gatley to analyze the government's motives in the ever-widening crackdown, forecast the next regulatory moves and explain how investors can navigate the risks.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Bye-Bye Buba

    The European Central Bank on Thursday jettisoned its longstanding inflation target of “below, but close to 2%” in favor of a symmetrical target centered around the 2% mark. The formal adoption of a symmetrical target is significant, because it acknowledges just how far the ECB has traveled from its origins as the institutional offspring of the Deutsche Bundesbank.

    1
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    Gavekal Research

    Webinar: China's Conflicting Pressures In The Second Half

    China is entering the second half of 2021 with its strong post-Covid economic momentum still intact, despite policymakers staying consistently hawkish on debt and property. In this webinar Wei He, Rosealea Yao and Thomas Gatley outlined how these conflicting pressures will play out over the rest of the year, and discussed the potential for an easing of the policy stance.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Not Quite A Wage-Price Spiral

    European companies are hiring again—or at least they would be if they could get the staff. The rebound in eurozone economic activity has fueled employers’ demand for labor. Having languished at about one standard deviation below its long term average through 4Q20 and 1Q21, the European Commission’s index of eurozone businesses’ hiring intentions has risen to over one standard deviation above its long-term average, as of end-June. The number of...

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Video: How Brexit Britain Shapes Up

    Six months after the UK properly left the European Union, the shape of the emerging post-Brexit economy is becoming a little clearer. Despite distorting effects from the pandemic, the impact on trade from being outside the EU’s single market can be seen, arguments about the UK’s position as a manufacturing hub can be tested and the future shape of Britain’s once super-charged financial services sector is coming into focus. Nick Andrews reviews...

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Demographics And Prices

    Starting in the early 1980s, the world became increasingly flush with people in their prime working and saving years. That trend, however, has largely run its course and may now be going into reverse. As a result, investors should consider what economic trends have demographic drivers, making them vulnerable to a structural shift occurring.

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    Gavekal Research

    The Inflation Quandary

    Markets seem to be comforting themselves that incipient inflation is, as the Federal Reserve has argued, a transitory phenomenon. Louis is skeptical that this is the case. He sees no evidence of any deflationary shocks that could squeeze price pressure, while at the same time, Western policymakers are doing all in their power to pump up demand.

    1
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    Gavekal Research

    Opec Frays

    Last year, when Opec+ talks broke up without an agreement on setting production quotas, the oil price collapsed. On Monday, when Opec+ talks broke up without an agreement on setting production quotas, the oil price surged. The majority of market watchers see no inconsistency, but they are making some large assumptions, which deserve close scrutiny.

    3
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    Gavekal Research

    Webinar: Can Things Really Keep Getting Better?

    The US economy continues to break growth records as it reopens and other big regions may be set to go the same way, while Asia continues to prosper from a strong export outlook. The question is not whether the world economy slumps back into a funk, but whether growth expectations are now set too bullish.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Video: Can Italy Recover?

    In response to the Covid economic shock, the European Union has vowed to adopt more expansive fiscal responses and limited mutualization of national debts. The country where this approach will fall, or rise is Italy. In this interview, Nick offers a view on whether it will be enough for Italy to mount a comeback.

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