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E.g., 27-11-2021
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    Gavekal Research

    Houston, We Have A Problem

    Charles looks at global bond and equity markets, concluding that the combined effect of central bank policies and private sector indexation is creating a massive corner in the US dollar and US equities.The last time something similar happened was in late 1989, when Japanese equities made up more than half of MSCI World.

    11
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    Gavekal Research

    This Time Really Is Different

    Let’s go back to a time before 2015. Imagine a country running a big trade surplus with the US. Typically, the exporters who create this surplus bear domestic costs and so need to change their US dollar revenues into the local currency. From here, one of two things can happen:

    6
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    Gavekal Research

    Building The Bubble-O-Meter

    Charles is somewhat tired of reading general descriptions of US equities being in a bubble, with little serious empirical backing to support the assertion. In this piece, he sets out to build an objective tool to answer the bubble, or not, question. Spoiler alert: he thinks investors would do well to re-assess their hedges.

    3
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    Gavekal Research

    London Seminar — September 2021

    In our recent London seminar, Thomas Gatley addressed China's changed business environment and Tom Miller unpicked US-China geopolitical tensions. Charles Gave and Anatole resumed their dialogue about the future of the world economy in their first in-person sparring session since the pandemic started.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    A Shifting Economic State

    Regular readers may be familiar Charles's my longest-serving analytical tool, the Four Quadrants framework. It aims to represent the four economic states that at different times can exist in a market economy. Through this prism, he examines current market conditions to figure out where in the quadrants we are, and where we're headed.

    3
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    Gavekal Research

    The High Cost Of Free Money, Revisited

    It’s now more than 10 years since Charles published a seminal paper titled The High Cost Of Free Money, in which he argued that free-market capitalism could not function properly without a free-market-determined cost of capital. Today it’s clear that capital markets, at least, can continue to operate, but Charles argues this has created very little new wealth.

    6
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    Gavekal Research

    Getting The Macro Right But The Market Wrong

    In December 2020, I published a report arguing that the US economy was about to enter an inflationary boom. Things went as expected through the first quarter, but after the Fed began to talk about tightening policy at some indeterminate point in the future, the portfolio I had been recommending has done very poorly. In short, I have been wrong.

    4
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    Gavekal Research

    Understanding Asia’s New Monetary Order (Part II)

    Last month, Charles reviewed the efforts China has made to build an alternative to Asia’s US-dollar-based trading system. Today, he peers into the future, and looks at what China is doing, not just to offer an alternative to the US dollar or euro, but to build a new monetary order for Asia.

    3
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    Gavekal Research

    The Gavekal V-Indicator And Tactical Asset Allocation

    The Gavekal velocity indicator has lately begun to send some potentially alarming signals. If in the next four weeks the daily indicator does not swing back to positive, then the three-month moving average will turn negative, raising a red flag. To explain why, it is first necessary to remind readers what our V-indicator is, and why it can be useful.

    2
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    Gavekal Research

    The Yen As An Antifragile Asset

    Over the last 12 months, the world’s best-performing major currency has been the renminbi, returning 10.6% against the US dollar. The second best has been the British pound, up 6%. The worst has been the yen, which is down -4%. Over the last 24 months, the best-performing two currencies were again the pound and the renminbi, which both gained 15.1%. The worst, again, was the yen, down -3.4%.

    2
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    Gavekal Research

    The World Becomes More Fragile

    In a July 2 paper, Didier Darcet explained how after seven months of being positive, the market reading from our Paris-run quant system had turned negative. The takeaway was that equity market volatility had “more than ever” become the indicator signaling a downturn. Watch any move in the Vix above 27 as a signal that US markets are entering the "tails" of the risk curve.

    3
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    Gavekal Research

    How Monopolies Behave

    The economy is simply energy transformed. Today, we have a situation where governments in the West are attempting to kill off energy derived from fossil fuels, to which end they are subsidizing new forms of energy. The trouble is that demand for energy is growing faster than the ability of these new forms of energy to meet it.

    3
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    Gavekal Research

    Understanding Asia’s New Monetary Order

    China’s program to dedollarize Asia must overcome two sets of problems: the problems inherent in trade between countries, and problems related to the financial risks posed by the passage of time. In this paper, the first of a major two-part report, Charles examines the progress Asia has made towards replacing the dollar as a reliable means of exchange for intra-regional trade.

    2
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    Gavekal Research

    The Peril Facing Northern Europe’s Savings Industry

    Between 1966 and 2012 investors did better in German bonds than US equities on a total return and common currency basis. That changed in 2012, and Germany’s managed savings institutions are now in peril, along with those in other parts of Northern Europe. In this piece, Charles shows how much trouble these institutions face and offers a view on how this exercise concludes.

    5
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    Gavekal Research

    Flabbergasted

    When you write in a language that you didn’t learn from your mother, it is easy to fall in love with new words and then overuse them. In the 1970’s, I came across “flabbergasted” and, truth be told, I ended up being flabbergasted in that decade rather more than I actually was. Today, however, I am again flabbergasted, but am fairly confident that it is for good reason.

    6
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    Gavekal Research

    Living In A Dual Currency World

    Let’s begin with the basic principles underlying any currency, at least according to economics 101: it should be a medium of exchange, a standard of value and a store of value. I have long argued that central banks’ determination to pursue the “euthanasia of the rentier” rather than protecting money as a store of value would lead to big problems.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    When Money Becomes Spending Coupons

    Something is changing in the way our capitalist systems create money. For at least 200 years, Charles argues, money-creation began with a request for credit by an economic agent. In the new system, we are seeing the issuance of what amount to “spending coupons”. These coupons will never be retired, and he worries that over time their numbers will rise exponentially.

    6
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    Gavekal Research

    Is This A Private Fight, Or Can Anyone Join In?

    The old rugby player in me cannot see a bar-fight without asking: “Is this a private altercation, or can anyone join in?” I feel much the same about the debate inside Gavekal about whether or not inflation is making a comeback. Here is my contribution to the brawl.

    4
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    Gavekal Research

    Ricardian Growth Is Fragile, Schumpeterian Growth Is Anti-Fragile

    Capitalism works well when activity is undertaken using David Ricardo’s law of comparative advantage and Joseph Schumpeter’s process of creative destruction. Charles argues that an era of Ricardian growth for many countries and industries is running out of road and the drivers of Schumpeterian economic transformation are shifting.

    10
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    Gavekal Research

    How To Make The Rich Properly Rich

    On Monday Charles argued that abnormally low interest rates act to make the poor poorer and the rich (seemingly) richer. Armed with this conviction he worked with our quant team in Paris to look more closely at the impact of such a monetary policy on holders of equities, discovering a decision rule which enhances equity returns and protects against drawdowns.

    7
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