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    Gavekal Research

    Takeaways From France’s First Round

    For once the opinion pollsters got things right. Although the candidates of France’s traditionally dominant left and right wing parties were both eliminated in yesterday’s first round presidential election, the political center held. Independent Europhile centrist Emmanuel Macron emerged with the largest share—23.9%—of the vote, for a second round face-off against nationalist Euroskeptic Marine Le Pen, who captured 21.4%.

    0
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    Equity Is The New Debt

    China’s free-spending local governments have a new way to get money. Raising equity, not just debt, is how many localities are financing the current wave of infrastructure and industrial projects. In this piece, we explain how a new model of government-led funds began as a replacement for local borrowing, but ending up only adding to liabilities.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    French Political Trouble Just Started

    Investors cheer the win of centrist Emmanuel Macron in the first round of the French presidential election, presuming a victory in the second round would mark the end of Euroskeptic populism. Charles is not so sure about this benign interpretation and argues that France may in fact be on the cusp of a new era of political instability.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Final Thoughts On The French First Round

    Going into Sunday’s first round vote in France’s presidential election, it is widely assumed that yesterday’s tragic events on the Champs Élysées will boost nationalist-populist candidate Marine Le Pen. What is clear is that the race has tightened: centrist outsider Emmanuel Macron is polling at 24%, Le Pen at 22.5%, Republican François Fillon at 19% and firebrand socialist Jean-Luc Mélenchon at 18.5%. Here are some final thoughts for navigating...

    5
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    Gavekal Research

    China’s Kim Problem

    Last weekend's extreme tension on the Korean peninsula is just the latest episode to severely test Beijing’s patience with North Korea. Yet even as elements of the Chinese leadership tire of Kim Jong Un’s grandstanding, China remains unlikely to make a bold move that threatens the regime. Despite acute US pressure, China will seek to preserve the status quo.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Target2 Fears Are Wide Of The Mark

    With Euroskeptic candidates showing strongly in the opinion polls ahead of France’s presidential election, Italy’s debt trap as inescapable as ever, and negotiations over the next round of Greece’s bail-out making little headway, talk about a possible break-up of the eurozone is once again doing the rounds. And as it does so, fears are rising about the growing magnitude of the European Central Bank’s Target2 balances, and the financial havoc...

    5
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    Gavekal Research

    Pound’s Rally Based On Flawed Assumptions

    The spring sun was shining on UK prime minister Theresa May yesterday when she stood in Downing Street to announce a cut-and-run general election for June 8. The sun was shining too on sterling, which rallied 2% against the US dollar and 1.3% against the euro on the news. The market clearly expects that a greatly increased parliamentary majority for May’s Conservative government following the vote will boost the chances of a softer Brexit deal...

    2
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    Gavekal Research

    Whether Or Not To Underweight The US

    Charles has been shifting his asset allocation recommendations in recent weeks away from US assets in favor of foreign alternatives. This was squarely valuation-based as his models show the US dollar, corporate bonds and equities to be overvalued. Here, he road tests this view by incorporating non-valuation-based macroeconomic factors into the analysis.

    2
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    Gavekal Research

    Beyond The Election Risk: Upturn Still Favors Eurozone Stocks

    For the next three weeks at least, the upcoming two-round French presidential election will continue to dictate short term sentiment among investors in the eurozone. Following a late surge in the opinion polls from far left candidate Jean-Luc Mélenchon, two of the four leading contenders are now professed Euroskeptics. That knowledge has colored investor attitudes, keeping the spreads between French and German sovereigns elevated—the 10-year...

    0
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    A Pivot To Regulatory Tightening

    China’s economic data were once again surprisingly good. This solid growth momentum will allow policymakers to pivot more to reducing financial risk and curbing speculative property purchases. But while policy will continue to tighten at the margin, Long argues this will now occur more through regulatory tools than rate hikes.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Audio & Transcript — Gavekal Research April Call

    In the aftermath of the first summit meeting between Xi Jinping and Donald Trump, the critical issues remain the same: a prickly trade and investment relationship which American businesses feel is increasingly skewed against them, and rising danger of confrontation over North Korea. In the background lies the question of how long China’s current economic expansion will keep running. Arthur Kroeber and China policy analyst Yanmei Xie discussed...

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    The New EM Intervention Playbook

    In recent years emerging market central banks have taken to intervening to support their currencies against depreciation pressure using non-deliverable forward contracts settled in local currency, a technique that helps preserve the headline value of their foreign exchange reserves. Although the strategy bought time in Brazil and Mexico for more fundamental policy changes to take effect, non-deliverables are no magic bullet.

    0
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    What Is Happening With The Tourism Numbers?

    China’s outbound tourism is clearly a big deal, but statisticians are having problems figuring out just how big: a huge upward revision has just been followed by a huge downward one. In this piece, Ernan cross-checks the numbers, and finds that Chinese foreign travel is growing rapidly, despite confusing revisions and falling travel to Hong Kong.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Who The French Will Not Vote For

    All the media commentary on the opinion polls ahead of the French presidential election concentrates on which candidates the electorate intends to vote for. This is the wrong way to analyze the current political situation in France. With just 10 days to go before the April 23 first round, readers should pay no attention whatsoever to the opinion polls. They are almost entirely meaningless: 40% of respondents say that they do not know who they...

    10
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    Gavekal Research

    Video: How To Play A Le Pen Victory

    In this follow-up to yesterday’s interview Charles outlines how investors can position themselves to hedge against a European Union breakup scenario that would likely follow from a Le Pen victory in the French presidential election.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    The Consequences Of Trump’s Syrian Strike

    In his 1992 book Give War a Chance, P.J. O’Rourke remarked that “wherever there’s injustice, oppression and suffering, America will show up six months late and bomb the country next to where it’s happening”. Now, in fairness to Donald Trump, the bombing of assorted Middle Eastern countries by the US armed forces did not just start this past weekend. Nonetheless, by launching his cruise missiles at a Syrian airbase, Trump has now waded into the...

    2
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    Reflation Without Inflation

    China’s producer price index slowed slightly year-on-year in March. However, this does not signal a halt to Chinese growth, nor is it likely to cause equities to roll over argues Thomas. The momentum from last year’s big housing stimulus remains, and the level of commodity prices is high enough to keep profit margins decent, supporting corporate investment and wages.

    2
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    Gavekal Research

    Downfall Of A Regulator

    The chief of China’s insurance regulator has become the latest “crocodile” to be snared by the Communist Party’s anti-corruption agency—the first leading financial regulator to face such scrutiny. Chen Long outlines two important implications for the insurance sector and for China’s financial markets.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Video: The French Election

    In this interview Charles assesses the political situation ahead of France’s two-round presidential election, which kicks off later this month. Topping everyone’s list of questions is whether National Front leader Marine Le Pen will defy the opinion polls to win a surprise victory, and what a Le Pen presidency would mean for France and the European Union.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Beyond The March Payrolls ‘Soft Patch’

    With the world busy going mad, have financial markets unexpectedly come to their senses? Friday delivered an enormous “miss” on US payrolls, with the March number printing at only 98,000, compared with expectations of 180,000. Yet the markets failed to react. The S&P 500 closed almost unchanged, while US treasury yields actually ticked up marginally. This absence of any selling in equities or buying in bonds was a crucial clue, like the dog...

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Squeezings From The Citrus Summit

    Last week’s Citrus Summit between Xi Jinping and Donald Trump came in with a gale of empty punditry and drifted away on a warm breeze of genial platitudes. Arthur argues that the risk of a damaging trade war between the two countries has now evaporated, and that the directionless White House has yet to sort out its economic priorities on China.

    2
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    Gavekal Research

    E Pur Si Muove

    Back in early 2011, I argued that the adoption of abnormally low short-term interest rates (in real terms) always leads to a collapse in productivity, followed by a decline in the economy’s structural growth rate. Since late 2010 marked the transition from the acute phase of the financial crisis to something approaching normality, at least in the United States, it is worth examining the US experience in the ensuing period.

    5
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    Gavekal Research

    Watch US Money Supply Growth

    Every US recession in the last 50 years has been preceded by a steep fall in true money supply growth, or an outright contraction. So it is worrying that true money supply growth has recently slumped to its lowest since 2008. In this paper KX investigates whether we could be witnessing a false signal, and finds few reasons to be cheerful.

    13
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    The Worst Is Over For Mass Consumer Goods

    It’s been a rough few years for Chinese consumer-goods firms: sales growth for items from soft drinks to instant noodles to sportswear has slowed dramatically since the 2000s, and price wars have slashed margins. In this piece, Thomas argues that the worst is now over: our models point to a more gradual and manageable slowdown in coming years.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Threats To The US Bull Market

    I have spent the last few weeks traveling around Europe telling clients to reduce risk exposure—at least to US equities, if not globally. I see four potential threats to the US bull market, and while none is certain, the odds are high that at least one of them spoils the party. Let’s review:

    4
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    Gavekal Research

    The Future Of The US SPR

    While North Korea is sure to be a major topic at Donald Trump and Xi Jinping's meeting this weekend, bubbling under the surface will be America’s US$347bn bilateral trade deficit with China. Few observers believe the summit will lead to a meeting of minds over the deficit, but a couple of recent developments in the energy sector suggest one way the deficit could be reduced to the satisfaction of both Washington and Beijing.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    London Seminar — March 2017

    In Gavekal’s seminar in London last week Will Denyer, Charles Gave, Tom Miller and Anatole Kaletsky presented their macroeconomic outlooks and offered investors asset allocation advice.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    India Gets Serious About Its Banks

    Indian equities delivered the best returns of any emerging market in 1Q17, as the economy rebounded from November’s demonetization debacle. With manufacturing expanding for three straight months, consumer demand returning to normal levels, and the BJP’s decisive victory in state elections boosting sentiment, MSCI India surged by 17%. Growth in the fiscal year to March 31 likely topped 7%, enabling India to retain its crown as the world’s fastest...

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    The Dollar In The Coming Quarter

    The first quarter of the year demonstrated once again that there is little more uncertain than a sure thing in the foreign exchange market. Rewind to mid-December, just before markets eased back for the holiday season, and the consensus firmly favored a stronger US dollar in 2017 . Of course, when sentiment is so strongly aligned, it means there are few marginal buyers left to enter the market. As a result, the consensus was confounded, as the...

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Strategy Monthly: Europe Braces For The French Election

    The macroeconomic stars are aligning for the eurozone. The region’s cyclical recovery is extending itself across economies and sectors alike. Inflation remains modest, reducing the chances of an early monetary tightening. Eurozone equities are relatively cheap in an expensive world. And the euro is fundamentally undervalued against the US dollar. However, the big risk for investors remains the possibility that nationalist euroskeptic Marine Le...

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Gavekal Indicators Dashboard

    Gavekal indicators are updated daily

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Stay Long Ruble Bonds

    Russia has been a consensus overweight among emerging market managers since early 2016. They have been handsomely rewarded. Over the last 12 months, ruble-denominated Russian finance ministry bonds, known as OFZs, have returned 37% in US dollar terms. Small wonder then that over the same time period non-resident holdings of OFZs have increased from 21% of outstanding issuance to 27%. After such an impressive outperformance, it is natural to ask...

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Regulating Complex Systems

    Everyone will surely agree that today’s financial system is sufficiently complicated and interconnected to qualify as a complex system.And regulating a complex system is by definition almost impossible, because it is in complex systems that Frédéric Bastiat’s observation that there is “what is seen and what is not seen” really comes into its own.

    3
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    Gavekal Research

    Handicapping The French Election

    Things are on the up across Europe: better PMIs, growing employment, increasing trade, stronger consumer confidence and of course rising currency and equity markets. The combination of re-accelerating growth across emerging markets—key export markets for most eurozone countries—low energy prices, very easy monetary policy, low interest rates and a deeply undervalued exchange rate is working its magic. In fact, at this juncture, the only factor...

    1
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    Macro Update: A Strong Start To A Stable Year

    In our latest quarterly chartbook, Chen Long reviews the latest data and the broadly positive outlook for 2017. Industrial reflation likely peaked in Q1, but the momentum of investment and consumption is solid. Policy is getting marginally tighter as the housing market keeps surprising, but the moves are gradual in this politically sensitive year.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Hong Kong: Meet The New Boss

    Meet the new boss. Same as the old boss? Last Sunday saw the “election” of Carrie Lam, CY Leung’s former Number 2, to the post of Hong Kong chief executive. The hope now has to be that, just as Robert Wagner in Austin Powers proved altogether more competent than Dr Evil, Hong Kong’s Number 2 will show herself to be more competent than her former boss in handling the territory’s affairs.

    3
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    Gavekal Research

    US Auto Sales Hit Their Speed Limit

    US auto sales leveled off 18 months ago, and growth has been stalled ever since. Now with interest rates rising and lenders tightening standards on auto loans, KX sees additional reasons to believe that sales have reached their speed limit. Happily, the problems are largely sector-specific, not indicative of general weakness in US consumer demand.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Hong Kong Seminar — March 2017

    In Gavekal’s Asia focused seminar in Hong Kong last week Arthur Kroeber, Udith Sikand and Tom Holland presented their outlooks for the rest of the year.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Yes To Brexit, No To Rate Hikes

    Tomorrow should see the UK initiate its departure from the European Union by triggering Article 50 and starting the clock on a two year exit negotiation. Yet far from anxiously counting down the days, investors have spent the last week bidding sterling higher, largely on the belief that a robust UK economy may soon spur tighter monetary policy. That is probably a bullish interpretation too far, and the pound’s next significant move will probably...

    0
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    A Shaky Foundation For Iron Ore

    Iron ore prices are still high, but for how much longer? Returning from a field trip, Rosealea is now more convinced prices will fall. A government campaign to close low-end steel producers is aggravating cyclical swings rather than changing the structure of the industry. As supply is now rising to meet demand, prices will come under pressure.

    2
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    Gavekal Research

    After The Health Care Reform Failure

    The Republican drive to repeal and replace Obamacare failed ignominiously on Friday. Together, President Donald Trump and House Speaker Paul Ryan were unable to muster enough support to pass the new health care bill through the House of Representatives. Bowing to reality, they pulled the vote. If there is a positive element to this failure, it is that both the administration and Congress will now shift their focus to tax reform. However, the...

    2
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    Gavekal Research

    A-Shares Come In From The Cold

    Last year, MSCI raised three objections which prohibited the inclusion of China’s onshore A-share markets in its benchmark indexes. In a document published yesterday MSCI suggested two of those obstacles can now be overcome. Chances are high that the third objection can also be dealt with, allowing the inclusion of A-shares as early as this year.

    0
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    Sanctions With Chinese Characteristics

    Since South Korea decided to host a US missile-defense system, China has restricted tourism and closed local operations of Korean firms. The dispute will mean some economic pain for Korea, but no lasting damage. But China is ever more willing to use such “sanctions with Chinese characteristics” to disrupt trade with countries that displease it.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Europe’s Surest Bet

    As investors fret about the trajectory of US growth and the sustainability of the Trump reflation trade, Europe is getting drawn in. Sovereign yields fell pretty much across the board yesterday on worries that the eurozone’s gathering cyclical upturn could be disrupted. In this case, the thinking is that monetary stimulus by the European Central Bank gets extended. To our mind, such worries are overdone as—absent an external shock—Europe’s pick-...

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Will Washington Disappoint?

    Equity markets have pretty much straight lined higher since the US election on hopes for market-friendly tax cuts, health care reform, and broad deregulation. Worries about high import tariffs and other potential growth-sapping measures have been set to one side. In short, investors have been counting on “Trump without the bad stuff”. With the S&P 500 yesterday sliding -1.2%—the first fall of more than -1% since November’s election—they now...

    2
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    Gavekal Research

    Why This Time May Be Different For EMs

    Going into 2017, the logic of Donald Trump’s “America First” program suggested that investors should be long US equities and the dollar, and short longer-dated treasuries. Such an outcome would have been horrible for emerging markets. And yet EMs have rallied 13% year-to-date. The swing factor has been the sideways move of the US dollar in the intervening period, which persuaded investors to cover short-bets on EMs. In this chartbook Joyce...

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    The Profit Illusion

    Inflation has a way of making things look better than they really are. This is especially true of corporate profits. After a dismal first half last year, S&P 500 companies reported an earnings recovery in 2H16. In the final quarter, they posted profit growth of 6% YoY (with or without financials). Alas, this recovery appears to be a mirage, caused by accelerating inflation. Using official flow of funds data for the domestic non-financial...

    5
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    The State Of The State Sector

    After forty years of market reforms, state-owned enterprises retain an exceptionally large role in China’s economy. Though their financial performance is deteriorating and their debts are growing, SOEs’ share of the economy is rising rather than falling. In this chartbook, Andrew pulls together the data to show the true state of China’s SOEs.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Where The French Center May Fail

    Just five weeks after the deciding second round of France’s presidential election, French voters go to the polls yet again. In another two-round ballot, to be held on successive Sundays in June, the French electorate will vote in a new lower house of parliament. The overwhelming consensus is that voters will choose a centrist in the presidential election. But if they do, their choice may well not allay France’s heightened political risk.

    2
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    Gavekal Research

    The UK Nine Months After The Brexit Vote

    With Theresa May’s government set to begin the formal exit process from the European Union, Charles reckons now is the right time to step back and see just how the UK economy has fared in the nine months since that fateful referendum. In this concise chartbook, he tours Britain’s economic and market landscape and finds that value is to be had across multiple asset classes.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Audio & Transcript — Gavekal Research March Call

    Yesterday’s call had Cedric Gemehl and Anatole Kaletsky opine on political risk leading up to French and German national elections later this year. Nick Andrews argued that the eurozone recovery is becoming self-sustaining, and offered views on capturing the upside, while hedging against political risk.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Hedges In A Bull Market

    It is hard to find an equity market anywhere that is not in bull market territory. This much is clear from a quick look at the Gavekal TrackMacro grid. Simply put, not a single country is now flashing red. You have to go back to the Spring of 2014 for such a benign global macro backdrop.

    0
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    The Tightening That Dare Not Speak Its Name

    China’s central bank has raised short-term policy rates for the second time this year—while going to great lengths to avoid signaling an aggressive tightening. The central bank likely still hopes that a coming roll-over in producer price inflation will calm sentiment, and that other, non-monetary measures will help cool down the property market.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    The Risk Picture Diminishes

    Yesterday’s 25bp rate rise from the US Federal Reserve was universally expected. The relative dovishness of Fed officials was not. With headline CPI inflation in the US running at a brisk 2.7% in February, ahead of the meeting at least some market participants had been pricing in four rate hikes this year. But after the latest dot plot signaled that policymakers continue to see only three hikes—including yesterday’s—in 2017, those expectations...

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Like Japan, Love Korea

    Ignore for the moment the drumbeat to hostilities on the 38th parallel; it has still been a head-spinning few weeks in the normally staid world of South Korean governance. First, the head of Samsung, the country’s biggest company, was arrested on bribery charges, and then last Friday saw President Park Geun-hye ousted by impeachment. It is our view that a political upheaval is afoot in Seoul that threatens the collusive ties between officials...

    2
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    Older And Unhealthier

    China’s rapid development came with impressive improvements in basic health indicators. Yet growing richer and older is now creating tremendous health challenges. Without swift action, China is heading for a public health crisis.

    0
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    Public Health, Private Gains

    Failings in China’s public health system open up great opportunities for private players. Yet, to be successful, they will have to navigate a changing legal environment, swim with the policy tide, and cope with intense competition.

    0
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    For China, Trump Is A Paper Tiger

    The risk of a trade war between China and the US is fading as economic pragmatism gains ground, despite administrative incompetence in Washington. But Trump’s America-alone approach is weakening the US’s hand while China’s economic leverage grows ever stronger.

    0
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    Debating Reflation And Tightening

    We expect only marginal and gradual tightening from the PBOC. But three factors could make it more hawkish: higher than expected inflation, rising financial risk, and a shift in the politics of growth.

    0
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    Chinese Football: Here We Go

    The excessive money spent on China’s domestic football league has raised both eyebrows and fears of yet another Chinese bubble. But the sector has undeniable assets: a large domestic fan-base, strong political backing, and countless big businesses with a taste for the game.

    0
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    The Ghost Of A Communist Past

    Despite what Beijing thinks, political liberalization wasn’t what brought down the USSR. The economy did. Andrew Batson reviews Chris Miller's The Struggle to Save the Soviet Economy.

    0
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    Building A National Health System

    Thanks to the 2009 health reform plan, most of China’s population now has health insurance. But hospitals are still crowded, doctors underpaid and drugs overprescribed. And the next big challenge will be to persuade Chinese people to live healthier lives.

    0
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    CEQ: Healthcare—Crisis Or Opportunity?

    China’s growing economy has brought its people longer lives, but also a new set of health problems. Though the government is trying to improve coverage, change is happening slowly. So there is a growing opportunity for private companies to fill the gap. This issue of China Economic Quarterly investigates the nation’s health problems, and solutions.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    The Importance Of The Dutch Election

    Today’s Dutch election may not seem very important in itself, since it is almost inconceivable that the anti-immigration Freedom Party of Geert Wilders will win enough votes to enter the next Dutch government. Nevertheless, the result—which is likely to be clear by around 0400 GMT Thursday—will have a big market impact. That’s because the Freedom Party’s performance will rightly be seen as a leading indicator of political events during the...

    3
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    Gavekal Research

    The BoJ’s Tantrumless Taper

    When the Bank of Japan’s board meets on Wednesday and Thursday this week, at least one member will be calling for a retreat from the central bank’s policy of negative interest rates coupled with quantitative easing “with yield curve control”. In a speech last month Takahide Kiuchi called on the BoJ to taper its purchases of Japanese government bonds from ¥80trn annually to ¥45trn. The chance that the central bank will announce any such change in...

    0
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    The Reflation That Just Won't Quit

    China’s latest data show the reflation that began in 2016 continued in early 2017: growth is accelerating and the housing market is very strong. Chen Long draws two conclusions from this. First, with construction supported the government will have no problem keeping growth stable in 2017. Second, a further tightening of policy is very likely.

    9
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    An Early Harvest Of Bumper Profits

    China’s listed companies won’t report their final Q4 earnings for another month, but preliminary numbers show it was their best quarter since 2010: profits for the median company jumped 28% in Q4 after a 25% rise in Q3. Strong earnings mean that fundamentals are supporting the slow but steady rally in A-shares that is now about nine months old.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Modi’s Big Political Win

    After a shaky few months, India’s reform project is back on track. The ruling BJP’s unexpectedly strong performance in state elections will enable Prime Minister Narendra Modi to continue with pro-business policies that should both deliver economic growth and buoy equity markets.

    2
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    Gavekal Research

    The Best Macro Trade Of 2017

    What has been the world’s most crowded macro trade of the year to date? Not buying dollars, shorting US bonds or selling French OATs or sterling. The most over-extended speculative position in the world by historic standards has been the bullish exposure to crude oil. This began to reverse last week, and the -7% correction in Brent could soon turn into an avalanche.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    When A Less Dovish Dove Is A Hawk

    As changes of tone go, Mario Draghi’s was a muted shift. At yesterday’s meeting, the European Central Bank president said that the sense of urgency driving additional easing had diminished, and dropped his pledge to use all the weapons in the ECB’s arsenal to effect monetary accommodation. Interest rates will still remain negative for an extended period, and quantitative easing will continue at least until the end of the year. But while the...

    0
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    Playing The Eurozone Recovery

    For the first time in years you don’t have to be a swivel-eyed loon to think the eurozone has a fairly bright economic future. Growth is broadening, deepening and frankly becoming less newsworthy. The wrinkle is political tail risk, but we think this threat is containable.

    2
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    Gavekal Research

    The North Korean Wedge Between The US And China

    This week’s missile launches by North Korea, the latest in a recent series of provocations, are forcing the US into a position where it must take steps to limit the threat to itself and its Asian allies. But such moves are certain to antagonize China, and shatter the fiction that the US and China have common interests in dealing with North Korea.

    2
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    Gavekal Research

    Don’t Bet on US Manufacturing

    The Federal Reserve seems convinced that strong survey readings point to a strengthening US economy that is becoming self-sustaining. This is the reason that investors are betting with increasing confidence on a series of interest rate increases this year. KX is not convinced that such assumptions are built on solid ground.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    The Prime Minister Has No Clothes

    Britain’s House of Lords passed a crucial amendment yesterday to Theresa May’s Brexit bill. This amendment would give Parliament a “meaningful vote” at the end of the Brexit negotiations and could offer the possibility of stopping Brexit or seeking to extend the negotiations beyond the 2019 deadline, if the deal Mrs May brings home next year is deemed to be not good enough. Anatole argues this is a game changer for opponents of Brexit.

    7
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    Relief For Workers Is Coming

    Premier Li Keqiang says pressure on employment is growing, so he has raised the government’s target for urban job creation in 2017. Ernan however disagrees with the premier: the pressure on China’s job market will actually ease somewhat this year, as the cyclical recovery in the economy means that companies have less need to cut jobs.

    2
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    Time To Exit US Equities

    Over the last few months Charles has argued that the US stock market rally was running on fumes. In the intervening period, US equities have, of course, powered to new highs. He now says that for the first time since 2007 his valuation model definitively points to US equities being overvalued.

    2
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    Fiscal Stimulus? What Fiscal Stimulus?

    China’s latest budget report reinforces its recent shift toward marginally dialing back economic stimulus. In 2016, the finance ministry raised the deficit to 3% of GDP from 2.4% in 2015; for 2017, it is standing pat, targeting a 3% deficit again. Less publicized but more relevant is the fact that off-budget public works spending is also slowing.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    India’s Property Dream

    In India, home building constitutes just 1% of GDP and fails to satisfy basic amenity demand—some 60mn Indians live in urban dwellings deemed unfit for human habitation. The good news is that India is getting serious about supporting residential property development, which could yet have a China-like impact on domestic demand and global commodity markets.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    On Borrowed Time In Hong Kong

    Last month, home prices in Hong Kong’s secondary market climbed to a record high, up more than 150% from the depths of the financial crisis. At the same time, Hong Kong’s stock market has been among the world’s strongest major markets so far this year, comfortably outperforming the S&P 500. The buoyancy of Hong Kong assets owes more than a little to investor enthusiasm for the global reflation trade, and to inflows of Chinese money. But more...

    2
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    Gavekal Research

    Video: The Self-Sustaining Eurozone Recovery

    A broadening and deepening of the eurozone’s economic recovery suggests that the expansion has finally become self-sustaining. The worry is that a political shock from upcoming national elections tips the single currency area back into crisis. Nick Andrews does not think such a bearish outcome is likely, and in this video explains his preferred investment strategy.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    The Upside Of Eurozone Inflation

    As even formerly dovish policymakers on the Federal Open Market Committee have hardened their rhetoric in recent days, the US dollar has strengthened, with the bilateral EUR/USD rate falling back to dip briefly below the US$1.05 mark late Tuesday. Whether the US dollar’s run-up can be sustained is questionable, however. With the market expecting three US rate hikes this year, the US dollar appears priced for a “Trumpflation” outcome that both...

    0
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    Picking Apart The Iron Ore Conundrum

    Is China’s continued rally in iron ore prices the result of benign structural change in the steel sector, or frenzied financial speculation? Rosealea and Arthur review the competing explanations, and find both have some merit. So while a lot has to go right to avoid an ore price crash, this correction could still take a while to materialize.

    2
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    Gavekal Research

    Because Of Trump, Or Despite Him?

    The enthusiastic market reaction to US President Donald Trump’s big speech on Tuesday night can be interpreted in two ways, both bullish for equities and bearish for bonds, but only one of them positive for the dollar.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    A Structural Turn In Japan

    For more than a quarter of a century Japan has been a reliable source of disappointment for investors. After a nice little run-up late last year, a familiar pattern has emerged in 2017 as equities edge nervously sideways. Despite some evidence of Asia’s trading economy spluttering into life, Japan yesterday released surprisingly soft industrial production data for January. To top things off, the Wall Street Journal on the same day ran a...

    2
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    Gavekal Research

    Strategy Monthly: Reflation Gets A China Boost

    For the last three months, markets have been focused on “Trumpflation”. But the global reflation trade began long before Donald Trump’s November election, with China’s surprisingly strong growth rebound early last year. This suggests that China’s growth performance in 2017 will be a key factor in determining the sustainability of global reflation. In this edition of Gavekal’s Strategy Monthly, Arthur Kroeber and Chen Long argue that China’s...

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    The Future 8 Index

    Lyxor Asset Management Japan, Société Générale’s Asset Management division, has announced the launch of its “Neo-Futuristic World Fund” which is open to Japanese investors with an official launch on April 18. It will invest in a fully collateralised structured notes linked to an index of companies worldwide created by Gavekal Research; The Future Eight Index. “The Future Eight” refers to advanced technologies being developed in eight industries...

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Where Next For The Reflation Trade?

    What was the biggest surprise of 2016? Ask the question in the US and invariably the answer is Donald Trump’s election victory. Ask in Europe and the answer is either the same or, if not, it is the result of the Brexit vote. But are these the events that genuinely moved markets the most? Look at it this way: over the past 12 months, commodity producers have typically been the best performers in almost every market, followed by financials. The...

    0
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    A-Shares Ride An IPO Boom

    The state of initial public offerings is one of the Chinese stock market’s longest running embarrassments: regulators have been holding up IPO approvals for hundreds of firms for years now. But they are now finally picking up the pace, making it easier for younger, fast-growing firms to list—though full deregulation of IPOs is not on the agenda.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Calling Time On Bank Outperformance

    Tomorrow Donald Trump is scheduled to address a joint session of the US Congress. Although expected to be long on characteristic bombast, the president’s speech is likely to be short on hard details about his core policies. That shouldn’t be too surprising. Drawing up tax reform and infrastructure spending plans and squaring them away with the Republican majority in Congress will take many months. However, without concrete information to sustain...

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Are Border Adjustments Protectionist?

    The introduction of border adjustments into the US tax code is by far the most controversial part of the House Republicans’ “blueprint” for tax reform—with good reason. This reform alone would be a game-changer, with many winners and losers. This is why, like all major tax reforms, it faces an uphill battle to become law, and why it may never happen. But the same was said of a Donald Trump presidency, and of Brexit. So, investors still need to...

    5
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    Gavekal Research

    The Battle To Command The Logos

    The “Logos” encompasses a society’s language, its way of looking at the world, and its dominant political narrative—he who commands it has his hands on all the levers of political power. Every so often, however, a new communication technology emerges that allows the rise of a new Logos to challenge the old.

    6
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    Gavekal Research

    The Eurozone’s Ongoing Rebalancing

    Yesterday the European Commission criticized Germany for its “persistently high current account surplus”. Berlin should take more steps to boost domestic demand in Germany, Brussels suggested, in order to trim its external surplus and to help the rest of the euro-area rebalance. It is hardly new advice, but the EC does not seem optimistic it will be heeded anytime soon. In the same release, it forecast that Germany’s current account surplus will...

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    A Qualified Positive For Chinese Banks

    The Hong Kong-listed H-shares of mainland Chinese financials are the best performing segment of one of the world’s strongest markets year-to-date. So far this year, the H-share index is up 12% in US dollar terms, driven largely by gains in the stocks of China’s big banks and insurers. So it is natural for investors to sit up and take notice on reports that China’s big four financial regulators have drafted a joint proposal to tighten their...

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Hong Kong Seminar — February 2017

    Gavekal’s global macroeconomic seminar in Hong Kong in February featured Anatole Kaletsky, Will Denyer and Louis-Vincent Gave. They presented on the global investment outlook under a Trump presidency, the decline in US productivity, and the sustainability of the "Trumpflation" rally.

    0
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    Three Risks To The Monetary Policy Outlook

    China’s central bank is striking a hawkish tone by pledging to curb speculation and leverage, but its actual tightening has been marginal and gradual. What might shift its stance to something tougher? In this piece, Chen Long evaluates three things that could push the PBOC to tighten more: inflation, financial risk, and the politics of growth.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    A Methodology For Playing The Eurozone Bond Markets

    In yesterday’s Daily, I argued that a long position in the French CAC 40 stock index, locally funded, versus a short position in Germany’s Dax offers investors a neat “heads I win, tails I don’t lose” hedge against a possible break-up of the euro driven by French politics (see It’s Time To Buy French Equities).

    1
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    The Secret Ingredient In Corporate Deleveraging

    Debt is rising rapidly in China, yet the debt-to-equity ratios of large public companies have still fallen. The secret of this deleveraging is that regulators allowed firms to raise lots of new equity through private placements. But regulators are now setting a higher bar for those deals, so this deleveraging formula won’t work as well in 2017.

    3
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    Gavekal Research

    The Italian Debt Trap Jaws Tighten

    In the middle ages Venice thrived as the economic, artistic and intellectual leader of the Mediterranean. By 1500 it was in retreat, but the roots of that decline dated to a 1286 decision by the city state’s governing council to vest power in the hands of 40 great families which dominated the trading economy. The cycle of innovation that had driven the “Queen of the Adriatic” ebbed as special interests gradually captured the system.

    2
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    Gavekal Research

    It’s Time To Buy French Equities

    As regular Gavekal readers may remember, I have always maintained that over the long run the returns delivered by two different stock markets— adjusted for exchange rate fluctuations and differences in pay-outs—must be the same. This is just another way of saying that in an open economy the returns on invested capital generated by well diversified stock markets have to be the same.

    6
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    Gavekal Research

    Audio & Transcript — Gavekal Research February Call

    In Gavekal Research’s February conference call, Louis-Vincent Gave delves into the unexpected origins of the reflation trade in order to assess its future prospects. And Arthur Kroeber unpicks the combative rhetoric emanating from Washington to gauge the probability of heightened trade friction between the United States and China.

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