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    Gavekal Research

    Trouble With Monopsonies

    What happens when a company is so successful that it becomes the dominant buyer of labor in its market? It then has an incentive to hold down workers’ incomes, even at the expense of reduced output. As Charles argues, such “monopsonies” are increasingly acting as a drag on economic growth. Yet in an environment of free trade, there is little national governments can do.

    15
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    Gavekal Research

    Arthur Kroeber: A New Era Of Sino-US Relations

    While Donald Trump has threatened to slap huge tariffs on Chinese exports, Arthur thinks this would be an act of self-harm given the economic co-dependence between China and the US. In this video interview, he maps out the likely evolution of relations between the two countries in the years ahead.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Trump’s Tax Plans And The Dollar

    Following last week’s US election result, the US dollar—as represented by the DXY index—has risen to test the upper bound of the range that has prevailed since the first quarter of 2015. At these levels the US currency looks overvalued, both in real effective exchange rate terms against other major currencies, and on a purchasing power parity basis. Yet it would be premature to bet against a break-out to the upside. Although the dollar’s REER is...

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    When You Sleep With An Elephant

    It is always comforting to be back in familiar territory. In a long career in investment—45 years and counting—I have seen a few Mexican crises. All these years on, I have fond memories of the 1976 peso devaluation, and of the subsequent 1980 devaluation. I remember the 1982 debt crisis well, and the “década perdida”—the lost decade—which followed. Then came the hyperinflation of the early 1990s which led to the introduction in 1993 of the new...

    2
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    Behind The Curtain At "Double Eleven"

    Alibaba has grabbed headlines once again by racking up RMB120.7bn in online purchases during its one-day promotional event on November 11. But these enormous numbers are achieved through elaborate promotional schemes that distort consumer behavior, and no longer provide any real information about the China consumer story.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    A Trumpian Europe?

    Donald Trump’s win in the US presidential election has emboldened populist movements in continental Europe and raised the specter of a similar anti-establishment electoral wave taking hold. The next 10 months will see national votes that could reshape Europe, with perhaps the most important happening in Italy on December 4. Myself and Nick Andrews have argued all year that the European Union is in the grip of destructive centrifugal forces due...

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    The Decision Tree From Here

    For months, I have argued that the MSCI World’s push to within a couple of percentage points of its all time high was driven by two powerful forces: the extremely low level of global bond yields, and the continued compression of foreign exchange volatility. I went as far as to argue that this environment was reminiscent of 1986-87, and the Louvre Accord, whose breakdown ultimately triggered the 1987 crash (see Forget Central Banks, Watch Foreign...

    6
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    The Risk Avoidance Strategy

    China’s economy has turned in another slate of decent growth data for October. The three drivers of loose credit, recovering construction, and rising commodity prices that have supported the economy are still holding firm. But Andrew cautions that the government’s objective is not exactly growth at all costs, but rather avoiding downside risks.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Prospects For The US Bond Market

    Back in July, I wrote a paper on the US bond market which came to the conclusion that things were getting complicated. My thesis at the time was that there was no value left in the US long bond—the 30-year treasury—and that it could no longer be used as a hedge against a potential deflationary bust. At the time the long bond yield was around 2.3%. Since then the election of Donald Trump as president of the US has had a severe impact on bond...

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Audio & Transcript — Gavekal Research November Call

    Anatole Kaletsky, Arthur Kroeber and Charles Gave presented their views on what a Donald Trump presidency means. Anatole outlined both positive and negative potential outcomes. On the positive side, US growth could see a boost from expansionary fiscal policy, but isolationist trade policies could threaten US firms and equity prices. Arthur warned of the geopolitical risk of a power vacuum should the US pull back from its treaty obligations....

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Arthur Kroeber: What A Trump Presidency Means

    This is an excerpt from Arthur Kroeber's presentation at Gavekal's Hong Kong seminar on November 10. In this video Arthur presents his initial thoughts on the changes in the political situation in the US, and what it means for the rest of the world.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Trump’s Bond Market Correction

    The new US leadership was always likely to inherit a bond market correction. Now, the Republicans’ clean sweep in winning control of the White House and both houses of Congress significantly increases the odds of a deep bond market sell-off. Which in turn will be likely to knock equities down a few notches.

    6
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    Gavekal Research

    India’s Banknote Bombshell

    While the world’s attention was riveted on this week’s US election, India sprang a surprise.On Tuesday Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the immediate demonetization of all existing banknotes with denominations of INR500 and INR1,000—note issues which together accounted for nearly 90% of the total currency in circulation by value.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    What A Trump Presidency Means For Global Investors

    The social and geopolitical implications of the Trump shock are much too complex and too charged with emotion for instant assessments to be worthwhile. Even in the case of ordinary presidential elections, the immediate first-day market reaction usually turns out to be wrong. I will therefore try to avoid moral judgements and confine myself largely to economic observations, dividing them into ten items of good and bad news from a strictly...

    3
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    The Advantage Shifts To China

    Donald Trump’s victory was also a victory for Xi Jinping. Trump’s more isolationist stance and transactional attitude hands the edge to China in the battle for influence in Asia. Trump’s threats of economic warfare with China are also mostly empty; if anything, Beijing has gained a bit of advantage in its bilateral ties with the US.

    0
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    Trump, Risk, And The Renminbi

    Will the election of Donald Trump prove to be a major “risk-off” event for the Chinese currency and financial assets? Trump’s policies do make it more likely the US dollar will strengthen, and thus that the renminbi will keep weakening. But the chance of an uncontrolled move in the currency is still low, and the stock market also looks insulated.

    4
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    Gavekal Research

    President Trump And The Fall Of Davos Man

    For decades, all around the world but especially in Europe, the notion of the sovereign nation has been under fierce attack. Leading the assault have been the international bureaucrats and a clique of economists in league with those I have dubbed the men of Davos, all of them resolute proponents of crony capitalism (see Dissolving The People).

    8
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    Gavekal Research

    When Elites Fail

    Burkean conservative in me wants to agree with de Tocqueville: the passions unleashed by this election will hopefully once again, go back into their box for the next three and half years, only to be stirred up again the next time the electoral cycle comes around. Still, there are two elements of this week’s vote that do raise discomfort.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    A Very Chinese Reshuffle

    The forces of market-oriented economic reform in China seemed to take a hit yesterday when it was announced that the tough-talking finance minister Lou Jiwei was stepping down from his post. But contrary to what the Western media suggests, this was not at all the untimely end of a superstar reformer who was achieving spectacular results.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Deteriorating Price Momentum And Rising Political Risk

    As of Friday’s close the S&P 500 had recorded nine consecutive down days, falling back to its 200-day moving average. One can point the finger for this pull-back at any of several factors: broadly disappointing earnings (ex-financials), rising foreign exchange volatility (see Is Perfidious Albion Undermining The ‘Shanghai Agreement?’), higher long term interest rates and, of course, rising political risk. Unfortunately, none of these forces...

    2
  • Gavekal Research

    Joyce Poon: Market Timing In Asia

    Investors need to get nimbler in playing Emerging Asia’s equity markets due to the lack of any clear trend that dates back to 2010. Joyce outlines a trading strategy that can potentially make a big difference to performance.

    0
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    A Good Quarter For Corporate China

    China’s listed firms have finished reporting Q3 earnings, and they turned in a good quarter. Net profits at the median nonfinancial firm rose 14% YoY, picking up from 9% in Q2, while sales growth accelerated to 10% from 6%. Both industrial and consumer sectors did well. In this piece, Thomas analyzes the latest key trends in corporate earnings.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Go Contrarian In Asia

    Investing in Emerging Asia is tricky due to the high volatility that exists within the overall trend of the region’s asset markets. Hence, market-timing has become a fairly essential strategy. It was not always so, for between the mid-1980s and 2010 Emerging Asia was a fairly straightforward call—“all in” worked during structural bull markets, and “all out” was the way to go during periodic bear markets.

    3
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    Gavekal Research

    Heaping Uncertainty On Brexit Doubt

    Markets and media were shocked by yesterday’s High Court judgement that UK prime minister Theresa May must seek parliamentary approval before pursuing her Brexit strategy. But for London’s legal community the decision was not unexpected. Many senior lawyers had predicted that the ruling would go against the government, if only because its case was so poorly presented by the Attorney General, who was forced for political reasons to concede the...

    1
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    Gavekal Research

    Neil Newman: Japanese Equities — Good For A Rally?

    The Bank of Japan has rolled back the date that it expects to hit its 2% inflation target, the economy is soft and foreign investors have thoroughly given up on Japanese equities. So why does Neil think there is a good chance of a decent “Santa rally” going into the year end. In this video interview he explains.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    The New Frontier In Aerospace

    The highlight of this week’s Zhuhai airshow in Southern China was a fly-past by two of the People’s Liberation Army’s new J-20 warplanes, touted as China’s first stealth aircraft. Western military analysts reserved their judgment, pointing out they had learned nothing new about the aircraft, except that it was very noisy. Nevertheless, the broader message from Zhuhai was clear, echoing a similar message broadcast by the Japan International...

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Will Denyer: Assessing US Recession Risk

    Despite recent headline data releases being mildly encouraging, Will is worried that the US economy is limping toward recession territory. In this video interview he discusses his framework for assessing the US economy and proposes investment strategies to deal with what he sees as the two most likely scenarios; namely, an outright contraction or a mild growth pick-up associated with rising inflation.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    A Good Bond Repricing, Anyone?

    Even after the recent move higher in yields, there is general agreement at Gavekal that long-dated bonds remain horribly overvalued. The question is whether the adjustment toward fair value happens in a disruptive manner, or through a smooth transition to a new growth cycle. Anatole tends to the view that US economic growth should pick up from here, while Will Denyer is on recession-watch. The Federal Reserve, for its part, is worried about...

    2
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    Gavekal Research

    Can India Grow By Day?

    “India grows at night,” goes a popular saying, “when the government sleeps.” Prime Minister Narendra Modi has promised to change all that as he thinks that effective governance will enable India to “grow by day.” In this piece Tom assesses the changing mechanics of government in India with a particular focus on digital solutions that have the potential to bypass an often self-interested and sclerotic bureaucracy.

    0
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    The Squeeze On Capex Loosens

    After slowing for years, fixed-asset investment in manufacturing and mining is showing signs of steadying as stimulus policies stabilize demand for their products. Manufacturing FAI could even recover modestly to 6-8% real growth next year. But firms’ caution after years of growth disappointment is unlikely to suddenly turn to exuberance.

    3
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    Gavekal Research

    The Economics Behind Korea’s Political Scandal

    The political turmoil engulfing South Korea claimed the scalps of both the prime minister and the finance minister on Wednesday, as embattled president Park Geun-hye opted for a cabinet reshuffle in a bid to shore up her sagging administration. In recent months Korea has seen the bankruptcy of Hanjin Shipping, the country’s largest shipping company, and the recall of millions of Samsung’s Galaxy Note 7 phones, the flagship product from the...

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    A European Head Fake

    Should investors be worried by a German bond market sell-off that has seen 10-year bund yields rise some 30bp over the last month? The last time European yields climbed this quickly, in early 2015, eurozone stocks swooned in the following year, with the benchmark index falling -27% peak-to-trough. Moreover, unlike the US which has seen a long expansion, it is not clear that a still weak eurozone can handle a rise in the cost of money.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    The Gavekal Monthly: Deflation Ends; What Next?

    The biggest market move of the past month was a significant rise in bond yields across the US and Europe. Much commentary has suggested that this might be a symptom of a sustained rise in inflationary pressures, as wages and rents start to push up prices in the US, and Chinese producer prices end four long years spent in negative territory. We are skeptical. The recent rise in yields has so far reversed only half of the decline in the first half...

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    On The Brink Of Recession

    Full steam ahead, then? Friday’s release of the first GDP estimate for 3Q16 headline showed US growth rising to an annualized 2.9%, up from 1.4% in 2Q and 0.8% in 1Q. On the face of it, this reading points to the US economy emerging from yet another soft patch, and so backing away from the recession frontier. Not so fast. A close look at the underlying components of the GDP report reveals the US as being perilously close to that threshold.

    4
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    The New Reality Of Housing Prices

    The wild ride of Chinese housing prices is a sign of how the housing market has become more speculative and policy-driven as fundamental demand has peaked. Policies intended to help small cities have only made prices in the largest cities frothier. Rosealea thinks this policy-driven volatility in prices will continue even as the cycle turns down.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    Sterling Sellers Look Flushed Out

    Here is a simple question: “Why has the pound fallen so far, so fast?”. My simple answer is that the City of London is the world’s dominant financial center, and so pretty much anyone who deals in global markets has a significant exposure to sterling. As a result, the near term movements of sterling are being dictated less by every twist and turn of the Brexit process, but rather by more prosaic financial transactions.

    9
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    Power Politics After The Plenum

    Economic policy in China is now entirely beholden to political demands for stability ahead of next year’s Communist Party Congress. Whether things change after depends on how much “core” leader Xi Jinping further strengthens his power, and how much he cares about reform. In this piece, Arthur assesses the outlook after this week’s Sixth Plenum.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    When The Keynesian Multiplier Goes Negative

    Last week I published a paper whose main point was that Keynesian policies lead to an inevitable decline in an economy’s structural growth rate (see Is The Second Shoe About To Drop?). My immediate concern is that developed economies seem set to head off on another public spending binge as they try to slay “secular stagnation”. That piece stirred a number of questions from readers, so I am following up with an addendum that extends the argument...

    6
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    Gavekal Research

    Equities Decouple From The Renminbi

    The renminbi fell to a six-year low of CNY6.78 to the US dollar this week, capping a -3% fall since June. In recent years, similar moves sparked turmoil in stock markets at home and abroad. Yet this time investors have largely ignored it and both A-share and H-share indexes have ripped higher. Why is a weak renminbi no longer a risk-off event?

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    When The Facts Change, I Change My Mind

    After the Brexit vote, Anatole became deeply bearish, fearing that a populist insurgency could unleash a destructive retreat from globalization. With the US electorate seemingly set to reject that pathway on November 8, the likelihood of other nations following Britain by turning in on themselves is greatly diminished.

    17
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    Gavekal Research

    The End Of The Goldilocks Scenario?

    Over the last seven years global investors have benefited greatly from a combination of moderate growth and non-threatening inflation, allowing for constantly loose monetary policy. Yet for the US, we are increasingly concerned that, one way or another, this “Goldilocks scenario” is about to come to an end. Here’s why:

    4
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    Gavekal Research

    Europe’s Breakout Problem

    The eurozone’s cyclical recovery remains less than stellar, yet at least it lives. The single currency area’s composite flash PMI for October recorded its strongest reading since January 2015, rising to 53.7 against an expected 52.8.The reading was flattered by weakness in the last two months, but confirms that Europe has, for now at least, weathered the Brexit vote shock. What is especially encouraging is the breadth of the improvement, which...

    0
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    Household Debt: How Fast Can It Grow?

    Discussions about China’s debt usually focus on corporate and local government borrowing, but households have also become more important. The level of household debt is no longer low, and since 2015 it has become the major driver of credit growth. In this piece, Chen Long investigates the limits to China’s new embrace of household leverage.

    2
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    Gavekal Research

    Safety First In EMs

    After a steady rise in emerging market inflows over the last seven months, tighter US financial conditions have led to an abrupt reversal. On the back of inflation concerns and a stronger US dollar, the seven day moving average of daily portfolio flows to EMs, as of last Monday, had fallen to its lowest level since the renminbi-induced sell-off 14 months ago. EMs are vulnerable to an externally-induced pull-back, for even if key central banks...

    0
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    Gavekal Dragonomics

    Andrew Batson: What Next For Chinese Growth?

    Chinese policymakers are set on maintaining economic stability ahead of a crucial Communist Party meeting next year—but while that means stabilizing growth it also means pushing back against a property bubble. In this video interview, Andrew assesses the tactical trade-offs that must be made in support of the strategy of stability.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    The Milton Friedman I Knew

    In the late 1970s, when beavering away at my own little research firm, I received a letter from a “senior research analyst” at the Hoover Institution, named Milton Friedman. In the letter Friedman wrote that he agreed with some of what I had written in a recent report, but other sections had problems. He had gotten the paper from one of my clients, and I’ll admit it sent me just a bit over the moon.

    1
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    Gavekal Research

    Japan Does An Apple

    The Bank of Japan and the Japanese government have done their best to stop a grinding appreciation of the yen, but to no great avail. The unit is up 14% this year against the US dollar, which has seemingly delivered a body blow for the monetary easing “arrow” in Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s 2012 revival quiver. This is certainly the view of foreign investors who this year have pulled money out of Japan at the fastest rate since 1987. And yet a...

    1
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    Gavekal Research

    Is The Second Shoe About To Drop?

    Keynesian beliefs are based on two key ideas. Firstly, recessions are caused by an excess of savings among nasty types known as rentiers. Secondly, if there is a shortage of demand, the government should conjure it up out of thin air by borrowing money to spend as needed. In the last few years we’ve seen what happens when the first of these two ideas is put into practice. Policymakers around the world have attempted to euthanize the rentier, and...

    14
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    Gavekal Research

    London Seminar — October 2016

    Charles Gave, Joyce Poon, Tom Miller and Anatole Kaletsky outlined their views on issues ranging from the end of the Pax Americana, global asset allocation in the face of increasingly ineffectual monetary policy, India's growth potential, and the imminent uncertainty for markets in the face of political risk.

    0
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    Gavekal Research

    No Change In Frankfurt

    Despite multiple European Central Bank officials protesting a steady-as-she-goes approach to monetary policy, the recent rise in eurozone bond yields reflects market concern about a potential tapering of its bond buying. After all, inflation has ticked higher, European banks continue to grumble about a profit-sapping yield curve and the ECB’s dealing desk in Frankfurt will soon run out of eligible bunds to buy. Despite all that, tomorrow will...

    0
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